Seaweed and animal species long missing from manmade shorelines are set to return to Sydney’s Rushcutters Bay thanks to a new ‘living seawall’.
The living seawall of 90 habitat panels runs along two 12-metre stretches of the foreshore, providing local marine life with nooks and crevices to live in and encouraging more seaweed and animal species to return.
Co-leader of the SIMS Living Seawalls project Associate Professor Melanie Bishop said the aim was to bring back marine life to the manmade seawalls that make up half of Sydney Harbour’s shoreline, increase biodiversity and improve water quality.
“More than 50 per cent of the Sydney Harbour shoreline is made up of seawalls, and research shows these seawalls do not support biodiversity in the same way as natural shorelines,” Associate Professor Bishop said.
“We’re increasing biodiversity by bringing back missing microhabitats such as rock pools and crevices.
“These will provide more space for barnacles and seaweeds to live, while small fish, snails and crabs will be able to hide inside the holes and crevices,” she said.
Lord Mayor Clover Moore said the City was proud to support the program with a $20,000 grant in 2019.
“Sydney boasts the world’s most beautiful harbour, home to an array of marine life that need our ongoing support and protection,” she said.
“The living seawall panels installed at Rushcutters Bay will enhance the local marine ecosystem and protect our harbour from manmade environmental challenges.
“Innovative projects like this will become even more important as we deal with the impacts of climate change and sea level rise.
“As coastal areas face inundation and flooding, we will undoubtedly see an increase in seawalls being constructed.
“This living seawalls program shows we can find solutions to protect and enhance biodiversity in areas undergoing rapid change,” said the Lord Mayor.
SIMS Living Seawalls project manager Dr Maria Vozzo said marine scientists will continue to monitor the microhabitats of each panel and the changing nature of local ecosystems.
“We anticipate that the habitat panels at Rushcutters Bay will encourage growth of a variety of marine species, including oysters and mussels that help improve water quality, seaweeds that provide food for marine life and help sequester carbon, and snails, limpets, crabs and chitons,” said Dr Vozzo.
“We also expect small fish like blennies and gobies to use the panels as habitat and larger fish like luderick or bream to use the panels as foraging grounds,” she said.
Living seawalls have previously been installed at Milsons Point, Sawmillers Reserve in McMahons Point, Clontarf and Fairlight.
Associate Professor Bishop said living seawalls at Milsons Point and McMahons Point, which have been in place for 18 months, have proven to be a success – a promising sign for what’s to come at Rushcutters Bay.
“These living seawalls have enhanced biodiversity, bringing species back to the shoreline,” she said.
“The numbers and types of species found on the panels is greater than in nearby manmade shorelines – and they match the numbers found along natural shorelines. It’s also provided a welcome boost for recreational fishing.
“The program has also shown that the moist and shaded microhabitats of the panels can reduce temperatures by as much as 10 degrees, which may enable species to persist in a warming climate,” she said.
The project has attracted local and international attention, with SIMS receiving orders for the panels from councils in Sydney and from governments and organisations overseas.
SIMS is a partnership between Macquarie University, the University of NSW, the University of Sydney and the University of Technology, Sydney, bringing together over 100 scientists and graduate students specialised in marine science.
The institute worked with design studio Reef Design Lab to develop and produce the panels from a 3D printed mould.
Image Credits: Sydney Institute of Marine Science, City of Sydney